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Showing Abstract of Bioclogging and Biocementation of Soil in Geotechnical Engineering

 
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[ Abstract Viewed: 2643 | Pages: 4 ]

Title

Bioclogging and Biocementation of Soil in Geotechnical Engineering

Topic: Published Year: 1388
Presentation:
Published in:

[ 8th International Congress on Civil Engineering ]

Original Language: English Full Text Size: Not Available

 

Abstract of the Article

 

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Download This article in PDF format Bioclogging and Biocementation of Soil in Geotechnical Engineering

 

Authors:

[ Volodymyr Ivanov ] - School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
[ Jian Chu ] -
[ He Jia ] -
[ Guo Chenghong ] -

 

Abstract:

Microbial Geotechnology can be considered as a branch of Geotechnical Engineering aiming to improve the mechanical properties of soil so that it will be more suitable for construction or environmental purposes (Indraratna and Chu, 2005). There are two approaches in Microbial eotechnology: bioclogging and biocementation (Ivanov and Chu, 2008; Mitchell and Santamarina, 2005). Bioclogging is the production of porefilling materials through microbial activity so that the porosity and hydraulic conductivity of soil can be reduced. Biocementation is generation of particle-binding materials through microbial activity in situ so that the shear strength of soil can be increased. Bioclogging could be used for the following construction and geotechnical applications: 1) to reduce drain channel erosion; 2) form grout curtains to reduce the migration of heavy metals and organic pollutants; 3) prevent piping of earth dams and dikes; 4) construction of aquacultural ponds; 5) construction of reservoirs (Ivanov and Chu, 2008). Biocementation could be used for the following construction and geotechnical applications: 1) to control erosion in coastal area and rivers; 2) construction of aquacultural ponds ; 3) construction of reservoirs; 4) construction of dams; 5) to reduce the liquefaction potential of soil; 5) to enhance the stability of slopes and dams; 6) to produce strong filling material from soft soil; 7) soil stabilization in land reclamation; 8) increasing the bearing capacity of foundations; 9) treatment of surfaces to reduce radioactive or toxic dust levels; 10) to increase the resistance of boreholes on oil and gas fields; 11) immobilization of the soil pollutants (Ivanov and Chu, 2008). Bioclogging and biocementation can be considered as the specific types of soil grouting. Chemical grouting of soil is a common technique in civil engineering (Karol, 2003). However, chemical grouting could be more expensive than biogrouting and many chemical grouts are toxic for human and environment. Advantages of biocement in comparison with the conventional cement are as follows: 1) it is less energy consuming material; 2) the solutions of biocement have low viscosity and can penetrate into the porous soil by gravity. Hypothetically, the most suitable microorganisms for soil bioclogging or biocementation are facultative anaerobic and microaerophilic bacteria, although anaerobic fermenting bacteria, anaerobic respiring bacteria, and obligate aerobic bacteria may also be suitable to be used in eotechnical engineering (Ivanov and Chu, 2008). Due to complexity, the applications of microorganisms in Geotechnical Engineering require an integration of microbiology, ecology, geochemistry, and geotechnical engineering. The aim of our research was to examine application of different microorganisms for biocementation.

 

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