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Showing Abstract of Sand-storage dams in Kenya: successful application of an ancient technology


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[ Abstract Viewed: | Pages: 8 ]


Sand-storage dams in Kenya: successful application of an ancient technology

Topic: Published Year: 1390
Published in:

[ International Conference on Traditional Knowledge for Water Resources Management ]

Original Language: English Full Text Size: Not Available


Abstract of the Article


Note: English CIVILICA is in its Trial Period so Full Texts can not be provided! Persian users can download it here

Download This article in PDF format Sand-storage dams in Kenya: successful application of an ancient technology



[ M.W Ertsen ] - Department of Water Resources Management, Delft University of Technology



Water conservation is a high priority in the drier areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Storage of water from the rainy season to the dry season, or even from wet years to dry years is highly important. People living in arid areas with highly variable rainfall, experience droughts and floods and often have insecure livelihoods. Small multi-purpose sub-surface water reservoirs recharged through infiltration are used to provide water for humans, livestock and crops in the Kitui region in Kenya. The groundwater dams obstruct the natural flow of water in wet seasons or periods, and provide storage of water during dry seasons or periods. Retaining groundwater is not a new concept: groundwater dams were constructed on the island of Sardinia in Roman times and by ancient civilizations in North Africa. The technology might be considered ‘simple’ but ‘effective’, reason for many to consider it a feasible object to be constructed within the context of development cooperation. A challenge is to develop an effective strategy combining effective, cheap and fast construction with a community based approach



Kenya; sand-storage dam; water use; design


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