English Version is Trial!

کاربران فارسی زبان لطفا به بخش فارسی مراجعه نمایند.

سیویلیکا به زبان فارسی

Advanced Search

(Last name)


CIVILICA® provides professional papers published in national and international conferences.

This site is registered for BoomSazeh Construction Technology Development Co.


Contact Us:

Tel: 021-88008044

Email: Info [at]  CIVILICA [dot] com


Home Page E-mail us to: Info @ CIVILICA . com Tel: +98-21-88008044

ISSN 1735-5540   


Quick Search in Title, Abstract, and Keywords of Papers

Showing Abstract of Traditional Timing of Qanat Water Shares


[ Bug Reporting | Back | See this Article in Persian CIVILICA ]

Paper Details

[ Abstract Viewed: | Pages: 15 ]


Traditional Timing of Qanat Water Shares

Topic: Published Year: 1390
Published in:

[ International Conference on Traditional Knowledge for Water Resources Management ]

Original Language: English Full Text Size: Not Available


Abstract of the Article


Note: English CIVILICA is in its Trial Period so Full Texts can not be provided! Persian users can download it here

Download This article in PDF format Traditional Timing of Qanat Water Shares



[ Harriet Nash ] - Institute of Arab And Islamic Studies, UK
[ Majid Labbaf Khaneiki ] - International Center on Qants and Historic Hydraulic Structures (ICQHS)
[ Ali Ashgar Semsar Yazdi ] -



Until recently, it was thought by the authors that only the water clock together with regulation by means of small reservoirs were used for timing water shares for the qanats of Iran. However, this was not the case. This paper presents recent findings about traditional timing of water, mainly in the Central Plateau of Iran, with a focus on star use. Comparisons are made with Oman, where stars and sundials are still used in places for this purpose.Up to the 1950s, water clocks were widely used for timing qanat water shares both by day and by night. However, in a few places, sundials were used by day and stars by night, at least at certain times of year. It appears that stars were widely used to know the time at night, while for water division they were used only on certain qanats, and mainly in winter, when short water shares were not needed. Keeping the time was often the responsibility of only one or two people, and the few surviving people with any knowledge of this practice are now old. This oral history is, therefore, in imminent danger of disappearing completely



Water division, traditional irrigation, star gazing, water timing, indigenous astronomy


CIVILICA® - © BoomSazeh Construction Technology Development Co.