English Version is Trial!

کاربران فارسی زبان لطفا به بخش فارسی مراجعه نمایند.

سیویلیکا به زبان فارسی

Advanced Search

(Last name)


CIVILICA® provides professional papers published in national and international conferences.

This site is registered for BoomSazeh Construction Technology Development Co.


Contact Us:

Tel: 021-88008044

Email: Info [at]  CIVILICA [dot] com


Home Page E-mail us to: Info @ CIVILICA . com Tel: +98-21-88008044

ISSN 1735-5540   


Quick Search in Title, Abstract, and Keywords of Papers

Showing Abstract of Sustainability of Traditional Water Management Systems for Agriculture in Tunisia


[ Bug Reporting | Back | See this Article in Persian CIVILICA ]

Paper Details

[ Abstract Viewed: | Pages: 8 ]


Sustainability of Traditional Water Management Systems for Agriculture in Tunisia

Topic: Published Year: 1390
Published in:

[ International Conference on Traditional Knowledge for Water Resources Management ]

Original Language: English Full Text Size: Not Available


Abstract of the Article


Note: English CIVILICA is in its Trial Period so Full Texts can not be provided! Persian users can download it here

Download This article in PDF format Sustainability of Traditional Water Management Systems for Agriculture in Tunisia



[ N Gaaloul ] - Department of Water Resources Modelling, University of Carthage National Research Institute for Rural Engineering Water and Forestry (INRGREF-Tunis



Tunisia is a marginal country hydrologically and it has adopted a number of distinctive of traditional water management for agriculture. Tunisia contains three different climate zones: Mediterranean, semi-arid and arid, which experience differing water availability. Due largely to these differences in potential water resources, there exist a number of distinctive methods of water management for agriculture. The northern Mediterranean region is dominated by modern reservoir-fed irrigation. The central region supports modern dam irrigation whilst traditional rainwater harvesting and terraced wadi systems predominate towards the south.The various installation hydraulics through the history be the old man stopping in stone allot with Roman (it be the case in the oasis of Gabes) and the system of harvest of rainwater in Kairouan.In the south of Tunisia, the inhabitants built a fortress (ksar) on the most inaccessible site in the area, and used it to store the local population's food reserves. The fortress was protected by outlying posts and an early alarm system. At the same time, the town's residents developed water harvesting techniques (earthern dikes or jessour, and cisterns) for the mobilization and use of rainfall and runoff waters. These water harvesting systems are still in use today. The jessour, built in the intermountain runoff courses, capture water and silt and create terraces where fruit trees and annual crops are cultivated. The cisterns, locally known as majen or fasquia, are small to medium (1 to 50 m3) subsurface reservoirs where rainfall and runoff are stored for domestic uses, livestock watering and occasional supplemental irrigation.This paper describes these contrasting techniques and examines their environmental sustainability. Climate changes and their impact on water resources in Tunisia is reviewed. For a country like Tunisia, drought is probably the most feared phenomenon of the expected climatic change during the XXI century. Having suffered from four successive years of drought (1998-2001) and being aware of the risks associated with climate changes, Tunisia carried out a strategic study in 2007 with the support of GTZ to adapt the agricultural sector and ecosystems to climate changes. This involved forecasting Tunisia’s climate up to 2030 and 2050.



Sustainability; climate change; rainwater harvesting; dam irrigation; Tunisia


CIVILICA® - © BoomSazeh Construction Technology Development Co.