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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله Neurophysiological Analysis of Schizophrenia Based On Dysfunction of the Glutamatergic System Using a Tripartite Synapse Model

عنوان مقاله: Neurophysiological Analysis of Schizophrenia Based On Dysfunction of the Glutamatergic System Using a Tripartite Synapse Model
شناسه (COI) مقاله: ICBME20_068
منتشر شده در بیستمین کنفرانس مهندسی زیست پزشکی ایران در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Ali Mahdavi - School of ECE, College of Engineering University of Tehran Tehran, Iran
Fariba Bahrami - CIPCE, School of ECE, College of Engineering University of Tehran Tehran, Iran
Mahyar Janahmadi - Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
Schizophrenia is a severe chronic psychiatric disorder and its pathology is still not completely known. However, up to now several different theories have beenproposed to describe the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Hypofunction of NMDA receptors (NMDAR) and inactivated astrocytes are among important glutamatergic theoriesexplaining the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. On the other hand, it has been suggested that pharmacological manipulationof presynaptic metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) may help to treat and improve some symptoms ofschizophrenia. In this paper we propose a mathematical modelat the synaptic level to investigate glutamatergic hypothesis of schizophrenia. In the proposed model, we describedmathematically a single tripartite synapse that is consisted of one presynaptic and one postsynaptic neuron and a glialcomponent that is the astrocyte. The proposed model describes different details of a tripartite synapse during glutamate release. To the best of our knowledge, at the moment this is themost extended mathematical model developed to describe the details of a tripartite synapse to this extend. Simulation resultsof the proposed model indicate that hypofunction of NMDAR might be caused by excessive amount of glutamate in thesynaptic cleft. The increased amount of glutamate, in finalanalysis, can be caused by inactive astrocyte. The increased amount of glutamate in synaptic cleft may cause seriousdisturbances in NMDAR current and electrophysiological behavior of the postsynaptic neuron. Given these results, wesuggest that manipulation of glutamate receptors on astrocyte may be a suitable strategy in the treatment of schizophrenia. Ofcourse, other approaches that help to improve the function of glutamate transmission or use agonists of mGluRs or NMDARs might be also useful. Our simulation results also suggest thatthe mentioned theories about pathophysiology of schizophrenia are interrelated and the increased rate of clearance of glutamate from the synaptic cleft can partly compensate for disorders caused by the impaired astrocyte.

کلمات کلیدی:
Schizophrenia, astrocytes, glutamate, tripartite synapse, mathematical model, NMDA receptors

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