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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله Statistical Study on Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Biodiesel from Castor Oil using Response Surface Methodology

عنوان مقاله: Statistical Study on Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Biodiesel from Castor Oil using Response Surface Methodology
شناسه (COI) مقاله: ICHEC07_413
منتشر شده در هفتمین کنگره ملی مهندسی شیمی در سال ۱۳۹۰
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Mohamad Hajar - Department of Chemical Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Soheila Shokrollahzadeh - Department of Chemical Technologies, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology, Tehran,
Farzaneh Vahabzadeh - Department of Chemical Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
The production of fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel) from crude castor oil using n-hexane as a solvent and commercial immobilized lipase, Nozozym 435, as catalyst was carried out in the present study. To this purpose, a response surface methodology (RSM), in the form of centralcomposite rotatable design (CCRD), was adopted considering the following variables: the amount of enzyme (2-6 wt/wt%), molar ratio of methanol to castor oil (3:1 to 7:1), temperature (30-50 ºC) and reaction time (12-48 h). The influence of these factors on the biodiesel production yield wasevaluated using second-order polynomial multiple regression model. Analysis of variance showeda high coefficient of determination value of 0.99, thus ensuring a satisfactory adjustment of theregression model with the experimental data. The empirical model predicted the maximum conversion of 97.9 % at the enzyme loading of 5 wt/wt%, methanol/oil molar ratio of 6:1, reaction temperature of 42 ºC, and reaction time of 39 h. The experimental conversion at optimum reaction conditions were obtained as 98.0%.

کلمات کلیدی:
Biodiesel, Castor oil, Novozym 435, Alcoholysis, Response surface methodology

صفحه اختصاصی مقاله و دریافت فایل کامل: https://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICHEC07-ICHEC07_413.html