CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله AnIdea for moreeffectivenessEffectiveness in disaster risk management and to reducereducing mortality

عنوان مقاله: AnIdea for moreeffectivenessEffectiveness in disaster risk management and to reducereducing mortality
شناسه (COI) مقاله: INDM08_083
منتشر شده در هشتمین کنفرانس بین المللی مدیریت جامع بحران در سال ۱۳۹۵
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

reza bathaee - stfirst Iranian Advocated for Making Cities Resilient Campaign

خلاصه مقاله:
Mega events like Catherina hurricane, the earthquake and tTsunami in Japan, and the earthquake in Haiti haves already shown, that no governments can only only cope alone with such catastrophes, if they can relayrely on on supporting at local level. However, Tthe traditional community level contributions need improvements to become more effective in terms of resources, intervention readiness, and organizational hierarchy. Additionally often are. Fast and reliable information is key – be it bBudgets for traditional community contribution at community level are restricted and leave limited space for potential DRR/DRM activities. How to take advantage of the voluntarism at local level without over-stretching an organizational framework is a key question. Research shows that are not Contemporary contemporary and effective enough and need building hierarchy and always have to take steps for keeping the members. Additionally such community contributions need always budget, even if it is a small amount. Timing and keeping date is not so easy to keep for a lot of the members and these cause earlier or later release the member from the community contributions.• newNew technologies provide a good base for achieving Now it is the right time for changing the wives and approaches of the citizens and related governmental organizations for a better and more effective participation and cooperation in disaster Management management citizens and local governments and organizations. in form of community contribution.sSmart-phones provide the necessary intelligence for efficient DRM applications to reduce the impact of disasters – be they man-made or by nature. Developing the right application as the right instrument for new technologies such as smart phone is the right way for optimization of the maximum performance and effective citizen’s cooperation of citizens. The key word for using the smartphone for reducing the impact of a natural or man-made disaster is Developing-related Application which can be distributedgiven to the citizen free of charges. Project Earling is an exampleinstance, of it which provides independent Earthquake Early Warning based on smartphones, and which has been tested on thein west coast of Chile, Ecuador and Puerto Rico by thousands of citizens.Using smartphones by citizens against terrorism attacks, kidnapping, and supporting the ways of mass migration and helping for data collection for climate change in the different geographical areas are another opportunity some of other opportunities of utilizing smartphones and new technologies for mitigating the impact of disaster and reducing the mortality.Citizens can playan active role with their smart-his mobile phone ands trigger for a new movement for more resiliencyresilienceies and active community involvement. and not be a passive member of cCommunity contributions.There are a lota plenty of opportunity opportunitiesfor citizens to influence and reduce the Impact impact of natural and human manhuman-made disasters with smartphones and networking.through networking infrastructures.The smartphone is the hard of a new format of social media and can be used in:• Disaster prevention and management by creating the necessary awareness of the citizens for the need to be better prepared for disasters and to be better informed in a disaster. wouldn’t improve until unlessit changed to a high priority demand of people in a society??????? Social media are ais new asset for inDisasterdisaster management and play an important main role in the further operations.• Social media provided new methods of education, engagingand engaging people to increase their priority in of Disasterdisaster management and its requirements.• Social media and new technologies provided new solutions for sending messages directly to citizens and manage them based on well-establisheddesigned plans.The result shows that tThere are different kinds and levels of Ssmart-phone based technologies, which can the enablemakecitizens decide to get more involvedfor involving in managing a natural or man-made disaster.with supportutilizing of his smart phone. Citizens areThey are able to use their Smmartobile phone for receiving eEarly wWarning messages on of earthquakes, tsunamis, avalanches, fire and wild fire, or they can be informed about chemical, biological and radioactive contamination. Another application is to use ssmart-phones by people trapped under rubble of destroyed houses in an earthquake to inform rescue people about their position and status of health. Meanwhile they make crisis management teams They are able to send public warning(case of Spoiled under the ruins or under avalanche)directly to end users. to his net working. SsSmart phones also provide the opportunity to be linked with a master-slave-principle, thus bridging potential connectivity gaps and limit the dependency on special early warning critical infrastructure. sSmart-phones of a next generation can also be equipped with a number of sensors thus detecting e.g. carbon monoxide, NOx, air pollutants, etc.. Thesethese measurements can be automatically analyzedand the individuals alerted if critical values are reached. Individuals can also use their smart-phones to send SOS signals in case of an emergency, such as a car accident, or if the smart-phone holders has heart problems, diabetics, multiple scleroses, or suffers epileptic attacks and crowed management. The key word for using the Smartphone is Developing-related Application which can be distributed to the citizen free of charges. Citizens can use their smartphones against terrorism attacks, kidnapping and also support the ways of mass migration. They can play an active role with their smartphones and trigger a new movement for data collection for climate change and new technologies for mitigating the impact of disaster and reducing the mortality and for more resilience and active community involvement.

کلمات کلیدی:
next generation of smartphones, efficient DRM applications, number of sensors

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