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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله Saltgrass, a Minimum Water and Nutrient Requirement Halophytic Plant Species for Sustainable Agriculture in Desert Regions

عنوان مقاله: Saltgrass, a Minimum Water and Nutrient Requirement Halophytic Plant Species for Sustainable Agriculture in Desert Regions
شناسه (COI) مقاله: JR_EEHS-2-1_005
منتشر شده در مجله زمین شناسی،محیط زیست و علوم بهداشتی در سال ۱۳۹۴
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Mohammad Pessarakli - School of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson AZ 85721, USA

خلاصه مقاله:
Context: Desertification of arable lands due to global warming and water shortage mandates use of low‑quality water for irrigation. Usinglow‑quality water imposes more stress on plants which are already under stress. Thus, there is an urgent need for finding stress tolerantplant species to survive/sustain under such stressful conditions. Since the native plants are already growing under such conditions and areadapted to these stresses, they are the most suitable candidates to be manipulated under the minimum cultural practices and minimum inputsfor use under stress. If stress tolerant species/genotypes of the native plants are identified, there would be a substantial savings in culturalpractices and inputs in using them. Aim: This grass has multi usages, including animal feed, soil conservation, saline soils reclamation,use in desert landscaping, and combating desertification. The objectives of this study were to find the most salinity and drought tolerantof various saltgrass genotypes for use in arid regions, where limited water supplies coupled with saline soils result in drought and salinitystresses. Materials and Methods: Various genotypes of saltgrass were studied in a greenhouse either hydroponically in culture solutionfor salt tolerance or in large galvanized cans contained fritted clay for drought tolerance. For the salinity stress tolerance, twelve inlandsaltgrass clones were studied in a greenhouse, using hydroponics technique to evaluate their growth responses under salt stress. Four salttreatments (EC 6, 20, 34, and 48 dS/m salinity stress) were replicated 3 times in a randomized complete block design experiment. Grasseswere grown under these conditions for 10 weeks. During this period, shoots were clipped bi‑weekly, clippings were oven dried at 75°C anddry matter (DM) weights were recorded, shoot and root lengths were also measured. At the last harvest, roots were also harvested, ovendried, and DM weights were determined. Grass quality was weekly evaluated and recorded. Although all the grasses showed a high levelof salinity tolerance, there was a wide range of variations observed in salt tolerance of these saltgrass clones. For the drought tolerancestudy, 21 saltgrass clones were studied to evaluate their growth responses under drought stress. Plants were grown under normal conditionfor 6 months for complete establishment. Then, they were deprived from water for 4 months. Plant shoots were harvested weekly andoven dried at 75°C for DM weight determination. At each harvest, percentages of plant green covers were also estimated and recorded.Both the shoot dry weights and the percent of plant visual green cover decreased as drought period progressed. Results: Although allthe grasses exhibited a high level of drought tolerance, there was a wide range of variations observed in various clones’ responses. Thesuperior salinity and drought stress tolerant genotypes were identified to be used for biological salinity control or reclamation of desertsaline soils and combating desertification. Conclusion: My investigations at the University of Arizona on saltgrass (Distichlis spicata L.),a halophytic plant species, have indicated that this plant has an excellent drought and salinity tolerance with a great potential to be usedunder harsh environmental conditions.

کلمات کلیدی:
Arid regions, combating desertification, drought, saltgrass, saline soil reclamation, salt stress, sustainable agriculture

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