CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله participation and project-based approach plans An alternative for comprehensive and conventional plans

عنوان مقاله: participation and project-based approach plans An alternative for comprehensive and conventional plans
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NCUD04_113
منتشر شده در اولین همایش بین المللی و چهارمین همایش ملی عمران شهری در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Kianosh Farhang - Department of Civil Engineering, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
Mohammad Rashid Moshiri - Consulting Enginerrs Boumnegarpars

خلاصه مقاله:
Citizen participation and project-based approach as a new approach in the field of urban development is still at the beginning. This approach leading, challenges the interests of providing static and rigid urban designs. Projects with the same viewpoints, regardless of the existence of radical reductionism and Quantity-oriented dynamic urban fabric of cities and urban life fate of an absolute plan and stationary package. In this approach Interests and distinctions of human interests is not being seen and Urban Development Goals reduced to physical standards. It is about half a century with plans like the management, administration and counseling system have ordered the country to repeat a routine categories and stereotypes in urban areas. The municipalities and supervisors, who are an important part of urban planning legislation, have limited their internal structure and external communications in order to enforce the rules and regulations of the projects in the municipal legislation. Meanwhile the non-realization of integrated management of urban areas in the Operational field by municipalities in which limited to urban constructions Licensing and certificate of completion construction work in the field of urban infrastructure; design and repair road networks, and construction in the field of public services; urban transportation, urban park designs and construction, fire management, cemeteries and slaughterhouses have been summarized. However over 30 organizations and other institutions are involved in a manner in urban issues .And in this area coordination and cooperation between parts and how to attract citizen participation, has become one of the main concerns of urban management. Thus, inefficient methodology for preparing Common urbanplans, dissociation of urban management, limited functionality of municipalities compared with the complexity and diversity of urban needs prevents entry of municipal beyond physical manners such as participation process related to citizens, which caused alienation of urban projects and beneficiaries. This alienation is the main reason of failure to accomplish urban plans. This restriction of municipalities in terms of basilar and functional in accepting qualitativeresponsibilities connected with city and citizens will be understandable and now linear methodology has proven inability of urban plans to attract citizen participation and implementation of plans. Municipalities must gain new required capacities to response requirement Necessities. This approach is called participation and project-based approach plans attempts to guarantee implementation of plans and in the other hand includes citizens at the main part of cisions from the beginning of project to the end

کلمات کلیدی:
participation-based, project-based, conventional plans, comprehensiveplans

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