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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله INVESTIGATION OF LANDS USE CHANGE THROUGH MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING IN ESFAHAN PROVINCE

عنوان مقاله: INVESTIGATION OF LANDS USE CHANGE THROUGH MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING IN ESFAHAN PROVINCE
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NIAC01_005
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس بین المللی ایده های نو در کشاورزی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Mahmoud Solhi - Assistant professor of Soil and Water Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resource Research Center, Isfahan, Iran
Sina Solhi - Ph.D student of Geomorphology Department, College of Geography, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
In the recent century world increasing population resulted in a high demand for food and agricultural products. In order to present a suitable reply to this increasing demands, agricultural section farmers tried to used marginal lands. These lands mainly have a high erosional risk potential and low productivity potential as well. Researchers stated that nearly 100 million hectares of new lands goes under cultivation which are mostly marginal, low fertile with no enough source of irrigation water. The referred lands are very sensitive to erosion and degradation and it could be a real threat for ecosystem in the next future. The accelerated increasing rate of human activities such as urban, construction and industrial activities resulted in a wide degradation of lands especially around big cities and settlements.Lands use change of agricultural lands around urban area are great challenge so that natural ecosystems, rivers, environment, wildlife are strongly under threat of degradation due to accelerated rate of lands use changing and human activities development. Due to high industrial activates and a relative higher rate of occupation and population migration toward Esfahan province, lands use change has a greater importance.Averagely 700 hectares of agricultural lands around urban area of Esfahan are going to change each year. During 46 past years the area of land use changes around Tehran, Karaj, Tabriz, Ahwaz, shiraz and Mashhad was averagely 1540, 550, 180, 525, 710, 760 hectares.Investigation of satellite maps showed that lands use change from 1366 to 1377 was nearly 3360 hectares (9.7 percent). The same maps also showed that the most of land use changing was happened in south and southeast of Esfahan city.A survey showed that 34000 hectares of lands of Borkhar- Esfahan hydrologic basin converted to urban and industrial use during past 75 years. 82.6 percent of lands use changes happened on fertile alluvial plain and piedmont plain which are classified as class I and II. The trend of lands use changing showed a rapid growth in 1974 perhaps due to increasing income as a result of oil price and oil export. In 1924 the Esfahan city boundary limited from north to Takhti street south to Darvazeh Dowlat east to Ahmad-Abad Street, and west to Lonban mosque. The Esfahan city area in 1931,1999, 2013 was 1280, 35000 , 68000 hectares respectively. The lands use change growth from 1924 to 2012 has shown in table 1.

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