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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله WHITE RUST DISEASE OF PORTULACA OLERACEA CAUSED BY WILSONIANA PORULACAE, FIRST REPORT IN ISFAHAN

عنوان مقاله: WHITE RUST DISEASE OF PORTULACA OLERACEA CAUSED BY WILSONIANA PORULACAE, FIRST REPORT IN ISFAHAN
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NIAC01_148
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس بین المللی ایده های نو در کشاورزی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Esmaeil Mahmoudi - Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Ahmadreza Ahmadi - Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) is a common succulent, ornamental plant mainly used in hot dry areas, rock gardens, over walls or along paved surfaces as an edging plant. Moss rose is generally easy to grow and easily propagated through cuttings or seed. It is not commonly prone to major diseases but has been found to be susceptible to white rust. The genus Wilsoniana, is an obligate parasitic pseudo-fungus responsible for white rusts in herbal plants, like Moss Rose, over widely different geographical areas of the world. The pathogen causes significant damage in agricultural crops, ornamental plants and common weeds.MATERIAL AND METHODS During summer and fall of 2013, a few plants were received from Isfahan landscape, which showed typical symptoms of white rust disease. These symptoms were observed on various parts of plant, particularly in the leaves. The symptoms began as small, irregular yellow areas (chlorotic lesions) in the lower surface of infected leaves. The stems of strong infected plants were swelled and malformed than normal, and the shoots become more erect to spindly. One or more partial-to-complete circles of white pustules commonly developed on uppers leaves surface, sparsely on lower surface and on stems.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Microscopic examination of the pustules revealed that the sporangiophores were hyaline, cylindrical or clavate and the sporangia were arranged in a basipetal chain, hyaline, globose or subglobose, with equal thin wall, base rounded or sub-truncate. The sporangia measured were 13.8 - 15.4 x 16.3 - 18.9 μm (av.14.6 x 16.8 μm). Based on morphological characteristics of sporangiophores and sporangia, the fungus was confirmed as Wilsoniana portulacae (DC.) Thines 2005. This is the first record and outbreak of white rust disease caused by W. portulacae on purslane cultivated in Isfahan

کلمات کلیدی:
Portulaca oleracea, purslane, Wilsoniana portulacae, White Rust

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