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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله THE EFFECT OF YUCCA EXTRACT SUPPLEMENTATION ON MILK PRODUCTION AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF TRANSITION HOLSTEIN DAIRY COWS

عنوان مقاله: THE EFFECT OF YUCCA EXTRACT SUPPLEMENTATION ON MILK PRODUCTION AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF TRANSITION HOLSTEIN DAIRY COWS
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NIAC01_224
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس بین المللی ایده های نو در کشاورزی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Maryam Boshehri - Department of Animal Science, Khorasgan Branch (Isfahan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Amir Davar Forouzandeh Shahraki - Department of Animal Science, Khorasgan Branch (Isfahan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
Transition period is one of the most susceptible times affecting reproductive performance. So, nutrients requirements especially protein has been increased resulting in an increase in uterus urea concentration. This adversely influences fertility and pregnancy rate. On the other hands, Yucca caused a reduction in blood ammoniac nitrogen due to its ability to bind with ammoniac. Thereby, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of dietary Yucca extracts on milk production and reproductive performance of transition Holstein dairy cows.MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty primiparous Holstein dairy cows with 35 month of age were randomly selected and attributed into 4 treatments with 10 cows each. Experimental treatments consisted of control, 2, 4 and 8 gr Yucca/ d. total periods of experiment included 2 weeks before parturition until 8 weeks after it. Yucca extracts was administered as pill at morning and afternoon of every day. Daily Milk production was measured at parturition, weeks 4 and 8 after parturition as three times of each day. Additionally, Reproductive parameters were evaluated until 90 d after parturition. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION results of this study showed that inclusion of Yucca in particular 4 and 8 gr/d led to a significant (P<0.05) increase in milk production at parturition. However, milk production was uninfluenced by Yucca pill consumption at weeks 4 and 8 after parturition. In addition, Yucca pill supplementation especially 4 gr/d significantly increased (P<0.05) milk production in total periods of trial. This might be associated with an improvement in fermentation process, nutrient digestibility and microbial efficiency in rumen (Lovett et al., 2006). Furthermore, inclusion of Yucca pill had no significant effect on parturition time till the first semination or pregnancy.

کلمات کلیدی:
Yucca, milk production, reproductive performance, transition cows

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