CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله BACTERIOCIN: A NEW APPROACH TO CONTROL PLANT DISEASES

عنوان مقاله: BACTERIOCIN: A NEW APPROACH TO CONTROL PLANT DISEASES
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NIAC01_249
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس بین المللی ایده های نو در کشاورزی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Samaneh Kazemi - Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Sareh Baghaee Ravari - Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Pejman Khodaygan - Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Vali-E-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran
Mahrokh Falahati Rastegar - Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
Microbial species employ several strategies in the competitive conditions, especially for achieving nutrients. Bacteriocins are a subgroup of the antibacterial substances that were originally defined as proteinaceous compounds that kill strains of the same or closely related species. The applicationpotential of bacteriocins is well recognized in some fields such as the food fermentation industry. However, this aspect is noteworthy in plant disease control, recently. Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc) is widely distributed pectinolytic pathogen which is responsible for largeeconomic losses in potato in the field and during storage. But there is no efficient method to control this disease globally. Therefore, we screened the antibacterial activities of some Iranian Pcc strains against the causative agent of potato soft rot and blackleg in vitro.MATERIALS AND METHODS Bacterial strains. Forty strains of Pcc were collected from different host plant and location in Iran. Isolates were characterized using phenotypic and molecular methods. Bacteriocin assay. Antibacterial activity was detected by the spot-on-lawn method on LB agar forscreening of inhibitory activity against Pcc and other related genus and species. We also used some inducers including UV light, mitomycin C, nalidixic acid and glucose in known concentration. Clear zones around the spotted area on LB medium were measured after 24h.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Evaluation antibacterial activities. The antibacterial activity of 40 Pcc strains (producer) against some native Pcc and other five reference Pectobacterium, Dickeya and Erwinia strains (indicator ) were estimated. The producer strains were grouped based on their activity on control (LB agar) andtreatments containing inducers. Different inducers have separate effect on producer's activity. Antibacterial activity against closely related genus and species. In this assay, mitomycin C and UV against Pectobacterium species and subspecies except P. atrosepticum, UV against Dickeya speciesand glucose against Erwinia are caused more production of bacteriocin by producers in comparison to controls. Conclusions. In agreement to other data, our results demonstrate that Pcc strains are capable of producing several bacteriocin patterns. Further tests are running to detect genes responsible for this function. It seems that studied producers may merit to employ as a strategy to control soft rot pathogens.

کلمات کلیدی:
Bacteriocin, Inducer, Pectobacterium

صفحه اختصاصی مقاله و دریافت فایل کامل: https://www.civilica.com/Paper-NIAC01-NIAC01_249.html