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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله THE EFFECT OF PLANT NUTRITIONS (N,P,K AND CA) ON CUCURBIT ROOT AND CROWN ROT DISEASE CAUSED BY FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM IN SOME CUCUMBER CULTIVAR

عنوان مقاله: THE EFFECT OF PLANT NUTRITIONS (N,P,K AND CA) ON CUCURBIT ROOT AND CROWN ROT DISEASE CAUSED BY FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM IN SOME CUCUMBER CULTIVAR
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NIAC01_267
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس بین المللی ایده های نو در کشاورزی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Mehdi Mohamadian Sarcheshmeh - Faculty of science, Abarkouh Branch, Islamic Azad University,Yazd, Iran
Ahmad Reza Ahmadi - Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch,Islamic Azad University,Isfahan, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
The fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum affects a wide variety of hosts of any age. Fusarium oxysporum generally produces symptoms such as wilting, chlorosis, necrosis, premature leaf drop, browning of the vascular system, stunting, and damping-off. Root and crown rot disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum is one of the most important diseases of Cucumber (cucumis sativus) (Agrios,G.N.1988) .The disease causes a lot of damages to greenhouse crops in Yazd province. Disease severity can be decreased by plant nutrition management (Sango S. et al. 2001). The most important elements in this regard are nitrogen ,phosphorus, potassium and calcium. plant nutrition affects both the pathogen and the host (Roustaee A. 2005) .MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of plant nutrition on reduction of root and crown rot disease in several cultivars of cucumber was studied in this research. Different levels of N,P,K and Ca on three current cultivars (Tezier ,Super2000 and U.S.A) of cucumber were investigated at the presence of Fusarium oxysporum using a factorial analysis based on completely randomized design with three replications.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Signifant differences were observed among the different levels of elements used in different treatments. Increasing the nitrogen level (20meq/l NO3-) and decreasing the calcium level (0meq/l Ca++), increasd the disease suspectibility in cucumber ,wherease increasing of phosphorus(4meq/l H2PO4+) and potassium (9meq/l K+) levels decreased the susceptibility to the disease. The effects of different levels of N,P,K and Ca were also investigated on growth of Fusarium oxysporum In vitro at a Completely randomized design with three replications. Variance analysis of fungus growth showed significant differences among different levels of the elements. The highest area of fungus growth was occurred at 0.1 gr/l of KCl and Ca(NO3)2 (44.15and 43.15 cm2), respectively. The factors investigated, clearly suggested the occurrence of a wide interaction between cucumber nutrition (N,P,K and Ca ) and Fusarium oxysporum and showed the importance of plant nutrition management for decreasing the disease severity.

کلمات کلیدی:
Cucumber, Disease, Fusarium, Interaction and Nutrition management

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