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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله BOUNDARY EVIDENCES FOR ANTHROPOCENE EPOCH IN ZAYANDEHROUD BASIN (CENTRAL IRAN)

عنوان مقاله: BOUNDARY EVIDENCES FOR ANTHROPOCENE EPOCH IN ZAYANDEHROUD BASIN (CENTRAL IRAN)
شناسه (COI) مقاله: NIAC01_399
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس بین المللی ایده های نو در کشاورزی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Hamid Ghaiumi Mohammadi - Soil and Geomorphology Science, Iranian Soil and Water Research Institute (SWRI),
M.H Ramesht - Physical Geography, Isfahan University
n Toomanian - Assistant prof .of Soil Science (SWRI)

خلاصه مقاله:
Zayandehroud is an ancient and important water basin in the center of Iran. Since time immemorial this basin has been and is one of the civilization and economic capital of the Iran. The historic authenticity and the stability of the city of Isfahan civilization characterize the basin’s specific condition and its uniqueness among the regional basins nationwide.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study methods are based on descriptive, empirical, and content analytic, documentary, historical etc. accompanied with field studies and laboratory examinations. This study concentrate on the natural history and paleogeography of Zayandehroud. This article is derived from PhD Thesis, researched and surveyed in zayandehroud basin in 2011. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Ecosystem of Zayandehroud is created by climate changes and tectonic activities, and the human culture has improved it. The miss-management of the basin also can ruin and deteriorate it. Zayandehroud is an ancient fresh (non saline) water river, karst originated, continuous, wanderer, tectonized, asymmetric, meandrous, influent, morphogenic, pedogenic, with the capability of unifying the bank soil type, non indigenous to its environment, life giving, civilization promoting and threatened river ecosystem. The soil fertility, fresh water, flatness and the fragmental river wash bed that naturally drain the irrigation and arable land systems are factors for attracting human to make hishabitat and improve life prosperity (Fig.2).The triad river alluvial terraces of Zayandehroud are of Holocene Epoch. In the recent 50-100 years the technology and environmental challenges have directly dominated and influenced the pedogenetic-morphogenetic of the basin; that is, the disturbance of the ecosystem and a big threat to the future of this basin. This chronozone is labeled Anthropocene that is being proposed to the Iranian and International Soil and Geomorphology Societies in order to be investigated by Geographers and geomorphologists (Ghaiumi, 2011). Mostly Important evidences that are environmental challenges and are starter for Anthropocene epoch are defined by: three recessions of the lakeshore (Gavkhouni Lake), land use changes (Ghaiumi, 2000), Soil and land salinization and degradation, destruction of existing vegetation and gradual soil exhaustion, water extraction (Keshavarz, A. and et al 1999), overgrazing, Subsidence and the lowering of the water table. (Fig.3)

کلمات کلیدی:
Zayandehroud Basin, Anthropocene epoch, Isfahan, degradation, Soil, Quaternary

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