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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله Performance characterizations of particleboards made with wheat straw and waste veneer splinters

عنوان مقاله: Performance characterizations of particleboards made with wheat straw and waste veneer splinters
شناسه (COI) مقاله: SADHE02_125
منتشر شده در دومین همایش ملی توسعه پایدار کشاورزی و محیط زیست سالم در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Khadijeh Azizi - Department of Wood and Paper Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Karaj Brach
Taghi Tabarsa - Department of Wood and Paper Technology, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources

خلاصه مقاله:
The aim of this study was to determine the performance of three-layer particleboard made from wheat straw and veneer splinters, as waste materials. For the purpose ofevaluation, compositions of wheat straw and beech veneer splinters at different mixture rates were compared for some of properties. Physical (thickness swelling and waterabsorption) and mechanical properties (modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, internal bond and impact strength) of the boards were evaluated. Effects of mixing ratios of fibrous material and press temperature on the above-mentioned propertieswere also investigated. The mixing ratios of beech veneer with wheat straw were 100:0%, 75:25%, 50:50%, 25:75% and 0:100%, respectively. A commercial ureaformaldehyde(UF) adhesive was used as binder. A total of 10 experimental boards with an average target density of 0.70 g cm-3 across all mixtures were fabricated. Allthe mechanical and physical properties of the boards were improved when the presstemperature was increased from 140 to 170 °C. Analysis of data revealed that themechanical properties were significantly different among the board types. With theexception of modulus of elasticity, the other properties were decreased by the addition of wheat straw particles. In general, water absorption and thickness swelling decreased with the increase of wheat straw content. The presence of wheat straw in the particleboards resulted in higher water absorption and thickness swelling. Finally, it can be stated that wheat straw and beech veneer splinters have potential as supplementfibrous materials, in combination with wood particles for particleboard manufacturing and indoor applications.

کلمات کلیدی:
A. Wood; A. Resins; B. Mechanical properties; C. Statistical methods

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