CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله An Exploration of the Iranian EFL Teachers' Perspectives on the Integration of Culture into ELT

عنوان مقاله: An Exploration of the Iranian EFL Teachers' Perspectives on the Integration of Culture into ELT
شناسه (COI) مقاله: TELT01_190
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Sara Jalali - Urmia University
Seyyed Hatam Tamimi Sa'd - Urmia University
Behzad Moradi - Urmia University

خلاصه مقاله:
Culture plays an increasingly significant part in language education. Brown (2007) declares that language learning is almost always accompanied by culture learning. Karabinar (2012) perceived language and culture to be part of a whole and firmly connected to each other in a way that one cannot exist without the other (p. 114). The current study aimed at delving into EFL teachers' perspectives towards culture and the different sources and procedures of teaching it in the language classroom with a focus on the qualifications of the teachers as the dividing lines of the participants. The participants consisted of 95 Iranian language teachers, both males and females, including students or holders of BA/BSc and MA/MSc and PhD, with the age range from 20 to 53 (mean= 28 ). To explore the participants' perspectives on the issue of culture in ELT, the researchers used a questionnaire scrutinizing the various elements surrounding this issue. Also, to make appropriate statistical comparisons among the participants, they were divided into three qualification groups: MA Students of English, MA Holders and Other. One-way ANOVA analyses, using the SPSS, indicated that: a) there are significant differences between the groups of MA holders and other groups with regard to the teachers' use of various materials in teaching culture; b) there are no significant differences among the participant groups regarding the importance of integrating culture in language pedagogy, the frequency of discussing culture in EFL classes, the teachers' perceptions of the effect of culture on the learners' motivation, and the aspects emphasized by teachers in teaching culture; and c) significant differences were observed among the groups of MA holders and Other in their emphasis on the United States as their focus of attention when teaching culture. In this regard, the UK and Australia came second and third. The results indicated that the teachers' qualifications might not be an influential factor in determining their perspectives on the issue of culture in language teaching. The emphasis on the US in teaching culture can be attributed to the fact that the majority of textbooks taught in Iran are American or simply to the widespread popularity of American English in the world. Implications and suggestions for further study in this regard are discussed.

کلمات کلیدی:
Perspectives, Culture, EFL teachers, ELT

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