CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله The Role of Needs Analysis in Language Curriculum Development

عنوان مقاله: The Role of Needs Analysis in Language Curriculum Development
شناسه (COI) مقاله: TELT01_194
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Nastaran Chegeni - Islamic Azad University, Shahreza Branch, Iran
Nasrin Chegeni - Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Iran
Zeinab Karimian - Islamic Azad University, Shahreza Branch, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
Language needs analysis/assessment is the process of determining the needs for which a learner or group of learners requires a language and arranging the needs according to priorities. Needs analysis is also a part of curriculum development and is normally required before syllabus can be developed for language teaching. The inclusion of needs analysis in second language curriculum development began in earnest in 1960s as language programs started emphasizing English for specific purposes instruction. The type of needs analysis for ESP focuses on gathering detailed language used for vocational or other specific language needs. (Martin, 2003). Needs analysis procedures made their appearance in language planning and became widespread in language teaching. In their first days, such procedures were used as the initial process for the specification of behavioral objectives which then explored different syllabus elements, such as functions, notions, lexis, in a more detailed manner. The present study is an attempt to investigate the role of needs analysis in curriculum design and materials development. First, some definitions of needs analysis are provided. Then, the history of needs analysis in curriculum development is explained. Basic principles of language curriculum design are mentioned, and purposes of doing needs analysis in curriculum development are discussed. The target population and users of needs analysis are defined. A distinction has been made among needs, wants, and lacks. Administering the needs analysis in classrooms and procedures for conducting needs analysis are discussed. Both high-stake and low-stake holders can avail from the implications of this study.

کلمات کلیدی:
Curriculum development, needs analysis, principles of needs analysis, ongoing needs analysis

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