CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله I Am a White Colonized; A Study of Racial Superiority Revealed through the Interaction of Race and Gender Regarding Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko

عنوان مقاله: I Am a White Colonized; A Study of Racial Superiority Revealed through the Interaction of Race and Gender Regarding Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko
شناسه (COI) مقاله: TELT01_199
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Zohre Alanchari - Alanchari, Zohre, M.A, Tehran University

خلاصه مقاله:
Aphra Behn, the first professional woman writer in English, lived from 1640-1689. Behn had long been considered as a postcolonial writer especially for her famous work Oroonoko; a realistic novella, which came to be her most famous work and is even perceived to be the precursor of novel. However, the controversies and ideological contradictions within Behn's Oroonoko reveal this truth that although she herself was among the oppressed of the time as a woman, she has unconsciously maintained her superiority as a white middle-class woman over the natives and slaves. Thus the aim of this study will be to unveil the racial ambivalences Behn manifests in her treatment of slavery and her attitude toward the natives in her novel Oroonoko. Behn’s Oroonoko, contains statements that are obviously colonialist, but there are also statements, which subvert them. There are so many occasions in which her colonialist insights contradict her feminist tendencies and vice versa and out of these discrepancies, it becomes easy to debunk her colonialist leaning. The ambiguities and contradictions concerning her perception of colonialism and slavery have misled so many critics to consider her works as post_colonialist.This ambivalence is examined through the narrative strategies she has used, the ambiguous treatment of her heroes as well as the sketches of native lands which are laden with colonialist interests and discloses Behn’s allegiance to racism. Furthermore through the depiction of the native woman which is both a site of conquest and resistance, the double colonization of the native women is exemplified. In fact the study takes up to elucidate which is of prior importance for Behn in her work: race, class or gender? Behn apparently juxtaposes the iniquities borne by two minority groups. However; through her insidious, ambivalent position regarding the issues of class and race, the traces of her racial superiority and her allegiance to colonialism can be tracked down. Her ambivalence reaches its peak when she confronts the conjunction of race and gender. If she is allowed to sympathize with her native heroes it is just because of her gender. Behn as a white woman is sanctioned to identify just with the black male slave. In fact this hesitation in taking a clear-cut stance toward natives and slaves is because of her entanglement within the web of colonialism; something which has long been left unnoticed.

کلمات کلیدی:
Aphra Behn, postcolonialism, orientalism, interaction of race and gender, racial superiority, ambivalence, natives, slaves

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