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گواهی نمایه سازی مقاله Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream : The Fairies

عنوان مقاله: Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream : The Fairies
شناسه (COI) مقاله: TELT01_206
منتشر شده در اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی در سال ۱۳۹۲
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Fereshteh Teimouri - University of Isfahan
Shahla Simin - PhD Candidate, University of Isfahan
Hosna Kasmaee - University of Isfahan
Farzaneh Farzadfar - University of Isfahan

خلاصه مقاله:
A Midsummer Night’s Dream is one of the latest comedies written by Shakespeare. It is believed that it was written between 1590 and 1596. It portrays the events surrounding the marriage of the Duke of Athens, Theseus, and Hippolyta. These include the adventures of four young Athenian lovers and a group of six amateur actors, who are controlled and manipulated by the fairies that inhabit the forest in which most of the play is set. This paper is an attempt to explain the roles of the fairies, the difference between them and their influence on the real world. One thing that catches the reader’s attention in this play is the role of the fairies. Each fairy plays its special role and its function is sometimes different from what we see in traditional fairies. The fact is, Shakespeare was but slightly interested in the human characters of the present play, with the exception of Theseus and Bottom. It was the fairies who chiefly attracted him, and on whom he lavished the wealth of his genius. They have been aptly called the favorite children of his romantic fancy . In his book, Maynard Mack gives three wholly distinct kinds of fairies, provided we can speak Puck as a fairy at all. He was not considered so in popular superstition, but we thought of as a spirit of another sort, whose merry pranks made him the favorite among all the spirits that haunted the English countryside. He is the complete opposite of the tiny fairies with whom Shakespeare fills the Titania's train, being gross and earthy, and courteous. Nothing could be more misleading than to speak of them as irresponsible children, as some critics do. They are conscientious and very much overworked servants of the queen, which means little time for gossiping. Oberon and Titania, though very different from the attendant fairies, are no more childlike or irresponsible than they. Maynard Mack also discusses on the relation between mortals and the fairies. He explains that Bottom is the only mortal who enters the fairies' world and can see them.In The Later Comedies by J.k. Hunter, he points the lovers as the puppets of fairies. He believes that Shakespeare's fairies are not only different in size from those who were parts of folk-lore; their rules are concerned not with mischief, as traditionally, but with order in a quasi-human fashion, and this of course makes it easier to fit their action into that of the play.

کلمات کلیدی:
Shakespeare's plays, comedy, fairies, fancy

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